Demographics Of Domestic Violence In Colorado — 2006

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The fiscal year 2006 statistics for the Colorado courts for domestic violence charges, with associated mandatory restraining orders, are given in their Table 30, with a total of 14,123, and an additional 2,644 cases of protection orders violations. Civil restraining orders are tabulated in their Table 29, totalling 13,620 (7,237 of these orders are for domestic abuse), for a combined total of 30,387. That total is up 1,716 (+6%) cases from the previous year while the sampled population increased just 2%.

The tables for domestic violence and restraining orders from which the data presented below are drawn is compiled by the State Court Administrator's Office and are available from the Colorado State Court web site. The data are combined and presented here in Table 53 together with the population-normalized values for each judicial district.


 
    Table 53: Number restraining order and domestic violence cases, and divorce rate in the State of Colorado in fiscal 2006 (July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006) by judicial district and county.

Judicial district

Colorado Counties

2006

Census

(estimate)

Restraining

orders (DA) 1

Domestic

violence

(RO violation) 2

Restraining

orders % 3

Percent of

population

Orders per

10,000 people

Divorces

per 10,000 4

 

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

First 5

Gilpin and Jefferson

532,036

total

1,229

(697)

1,249

(258)

8.2%

12.5%

44

43

44

51

52

54

51

51

47

52

Second

Denver

566,974

Not included in DV totals

13.5%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

55

Third

Huerfano and Las Animas

23,372

total

130

(18)

136

(21)

0.9%

0.6%

82

124

127

119

118

136

109

102

114

66

Fourth

El Paso and Teller

599,127

total

3,082

(2,303)

3,125

(419)

20.4%

14.3%

140

114

107

103

104

115

109

106

104

69

Fifth

Clear Creek, Eagle, Lake, and Summit

91,428

total

194

(34)

493

(78)

2.3%

2.2%

27

75

66

68

67

73

69

72

75

47

Sixth

Archuleta, La Plata, and San Juan

60,900

total

294

(115)

332

(44)

2.1%

1.5%

56

83

86

98

79

87

95

101

103

48

Seventh

Delta, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Montrose, Ouray, and San Miguel

95,560

total

573

(248)

573

(173)

3.8%

2.3%

108

89

95

97

98

106

99

102

120

65

Eighth 5

Jackson and Larimer

277,659

total

526

(124)

1104

(105)

5.4%

6.6%

42

38

42

57

65

74

64

57

59

50

Ninth

Garfield, Pitkin, and Rio Blanco

72,886

total

202

(86)

410

(31)

2.0%

1.7%

68

76

78

85

90

81

80

89

84

60

Tenth

Pueblo

152,912

919

(598)

1,311

(403)

7.3%

3.7%

56

92

121

127

120

137

121

113

146

58

Eleventh

Chaffee, Custer, Fremont, and Park

86,011

total

297

(31)

346

(47)

2.1%

2.1%

51

82

69

77

66

78

72

67

75

54

Twelfth

Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla, Mineral, Rio Grande, and Saguache

46,950

total

265

(50)

239

(50)

1.7%

1.1%

80

113

131

104

100

106

114

116

107

73

Thirteenth

Kit Carson, Logan, Morgan, Phillips, Sedgwick, Washington, and Yuma

78,006

total

183

(74)

379

(135 )

1.8%

1.9%

61

61

64

62

75

63

68

65

72

52

Fourteenth

Grand, Moffat, and Routt

48,666

total

109

(30)

257

(69)

1.2%

1.2%

44

45

45

62

68

81

76

74

75

58

Fifteenth

Baca, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Prowers

21,112

total

77

(42)

104

(27)

0.6%

0.5%

84

80

79

77

82

75

69

79

86

59

Sixteenth

Bent, Crowley, and Otero

30,389

total

190

(71)

244

(87)

1.4%

0.7%

93

131

136

163

168

153

125

133

143

69

Seventeenth 5

Adams and Broomfield

459,454

total

1,247

(747)

1,563

(196)

9.2%

11.0%

53

67

62

65

66

65

60

56

61

49

Eighteenth 5

Arapahoe, Douglas, Elbert, Lincoln

829,457

total

2,424

(1,142)

1,836

(308)

14.0%

19.8%

N/A

46

49

52

59

60

56

50

51

51

Nineteenth

Weld

236,857

716

(433)

1,320

(80)

6.7%

5.7%

97

88

101

90

95

95

85

82

86

47

Twentieth

Boulder

282,304

487

(233)

817

(40)

4.3%

6.7%

25

48

51

47

44

51

44

46

46

47

Twenty first

Mesa

134,189

304

(97)

744

(21)

3.4%

3.2%

75

62

69

74

72

75

76

73

78

75

Twenty second

Dolores and Montezuma

27,128

total

172

(64)

185

(52)

1.2%

0.6%

54

55

65

87

95

86

89

90

132

57

Totals (minus Denver)

4,186,403

13,620

(7,237)

16,767

(2,644)

 

Av 62

M 67

SD 28

Av 67

M 77

SD 27

Av 69

M 80

SD 30

Av 72

M 84

SD 29

Av74

M 85

SD 28

Av 78

M 88

SD 28

Av 73

M 82

SD 23

Av 70

M 82

SD 24

AV 73

M 89

SD 29

Av 62

M 57

SD 9

County populations: U.S. Census Bureau

Restraining orders and divorces: Colorado State Court Tables 17, 29, and 30

Notes:

1. Prior to fiscal 2002 the courts lumped all civil restraining orders together. Statistics for 2002 and subsequent years separate civil and domestic abuse (DA) orders. For consistency with prior years both the total number and (domestic abuse) restraining orders are given. Again for consistency, the total number of civil restraining orders plus domestic violence cases is used to calculate percentages and per capita values. Where domestic abuse orders exceed 50% the values are shown in (bold).

2. A restraining order is mandated by law C.R.S. § 18-1-1001. Prior to 2005 domestic violence cases were lumped with restraining order violations. As of 2005 restraining order violations are tabulated separately and are shown here in parentheses following the sum of domestic violence cases and violations of protection orders. Restraining order violations are shown in bold if they exceed half the number of domestic abuse orders issued.

3. Average is from the sum of civil and criminal restraining order cases (30,387) divided by the state population (4,753,377) minus Denver City and County (566,974).

4. Divorce includes all dissolutions, legal separations, and invalid marriage and totaled 26,075 in 2006.

5. Municipalities within this judicial district may also issue restraining orders and prosecute misdemeanor domestic violence cases. The state court values given here do not reflect such cases.

Av —Statewide average

 

M —Mean of judicial districts

 

SD — Standard deviation of judicial districts

 

Top


 

Despite a general decline in numbers of restraining orders over the past four years, from 78 per 10,000 citizens in 2003 to 73 per 10,000 in 2006, the number judicial districts with draconian rates of such orders increased from six to eight. In 2006 the Third, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Tenth, Twelfth, Sixteenth, and Twenty second judicial districts now embarrass the state with 114, 104, 103, 120, 146. 107, 143, and 132 domestic violence and protection order cases per 10,000 citizens respectively (Table 53). May god have pity on children and families in these draconian courts.

If restraining orders are being issued at the same ratio of 73 per 10,000 individuals in the entire United States as in Colorado, there are approximately 2.2 million such orders being issued every year. That continues to be a frightening number.

In 2006 there was a major upheaval in the Colorado justice system. 17 of 22 district attorneys were term limited and replaced in January 2006, halfway through the fiscal year covered by Table 53. While the impact of the changing of the prosecutorial guard won't be fully implemented until the results for the 2007 fiscal year are available, some trends are already beginning to show:

• The number of restraining orders issued in the tiny 22 nd judicial district has more than doubled since 1998, from 54 per 10,000 to 132. Since the trend has been continuous for nine years that does not appear to be a statistical fluke although the jump in 2006 to 132 per 10,000 citizens from 90 the previous year may reflect the policies of a draconian new district attorney.

• The 4 th judicial district, long a leader in tyranny, does not seem to be moderating its practices under the new district attorney.


 

Percent of restraining orders versus percent of population in 2006

Top

A simple test of equity is the percentage of restraining orders issued in a judicial district versus the percentage of the population residing in that district. If uniform standards were being applied the percent of population would roughly equal the percent of restraining orders issued in that district.

Allowing for differences in the populations of the judicial districts we still find in Table 53 that again in 2006 the Fourth Judicial District has issued an exceptionally high number of restraining orders (20.4% of total) relative to its percentage of the state population (14.3%) sampled.

The Tenth Judicial District is only mid-size but issues 7.3% of all protection order and domestic violence cases with only 3.7% of the state's population (Table 53). Similarly, the Seventh issues 3.8% of orders with just 2.3% of the population.

Although small districts, the Sixteenth issues 1.4% of orders, but has only 0.7% of Colorado's population. And the Twenty second issues 1.2% of such orders with just 0.6% of the population.

These five judicial districts fail this simple test of equity.


 

Comparison of domestic violence and abuse with other misdemeanors in 2006

Top

Table 54 is a continuing attempt, for nine years now, to see where and whether protection orders and domestic violence correlate with other societal problems. The implicit assumption in Table 54, as in previous years, is that domestic violence is associated with other problems such as alcoholism, drug use, etc., in a judicial district. For example, underage alcohol abuse and drug use would be associated with abusive or broken homes, and that Joe Six Pack likely gets into other kinds of trouble, e.g., bar brawls, for which he is arrested as well.

However, if all other categories of similar crimes are at or below the state averages except domestic violence, it suggests a witch hunt is being conducted for that specific offense. Such actions by law enforcement officials and the courts are generally regarded as an abuse of process and a violation of the equal protection clauses of the state and federal constitutions.

In Table 54 a relationship between domestic violence and abuse and other misdemeanors is discernible in the Third, Fifth, and Sixteenth Judicial Districts. The Third and Sixteenth judicial districts are depressed rural areas with populations of 23,000 and 30,000 residents, respectively. While the Fifth includes such swank resorts as Vail and Breckenridge, many of the workforce are illegal aliens and wages are generally depressed. Also, the district attorney has a tendency to make headlines for himself, e.g., the Kobe Bryant case.


 
    Table 54: Selected misdemeanor filings in the Colorado courts for fiscal year 2006. Number of filings per 10,000 people.

Judicial district

Colorado Counties

2006

Census

(est.)

Domestic

Violence 1

Underage

Alcohol

Offenses

Drugs

Offense

Against

Persons 2

Offense

Against

Property 3

Fraud

First 4

Gilpin and Jefferson

532,036

total

23

23

19

25

11

2

Second

Denver (not included in totals)

566,974

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Third

Huerfano and Las Animas

23,372

total

58

45

29

45

42

3

Fourth

El Paso and Teller

599,127

total

52

20

28

24

13

2

Fifth

Clear Creek, Eagle, Lake, Summit

91,428

total

54

47

39

33

16

1

Sixth

Archuleta, La Plata, San Juan

60,900

total

55

70

21

19

15

1

Seventh

Delta, Gunnison, Hinsdale,

Montrose, Ouray, San Miguel

95,560

total

60

30

28

28

10

9

Eighth 4

Jackson and Larimer

277,659

total

40

39

35

27

17

0

Ninth

Garfield, Pitkin, Rio Blanco

72,886

total

56

31

30

31

14

1

Tenth

Pueblo

152,912

86

23

7

17

9

0

Eleventh

Chaffee, Custer, Fremont, Park

86,011

total

40

27

34

32

12

12

Twelfth

Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla,

Mineral, Rio Grande, Saguache

46,950

total

51

33

38

55

18

33

Thirteenth

Kit Carson, Logan, Morgan, Phillips, Sedgwick, Washington, and Yuma

78,006

total

49

22

29

28

10

3

Fourteenth

Grand, Moffat, and Routt

48,666

total

53

69

60

39

60

4

Fifteenth

Baca, Cheyenne, Kiowa, Prowers

21,112

total

49

32

20

22

24

19

Sixteenth

Bent, Crowley, and Otero

30,389

total

80

42

10

46

23

3

Seventeenth 4

Adams and Broomfield

459,454

total

34

5

18

14

8

0

Eighteenth 4

Arapahoe, Douglas, Elbert, Lincoln

829,457

total

22

23

10

14

9

0

Nineteenth

Weld

236,857

56

15

26

19

10

3

Twentieth

Boulder

282,304

29

53

22

19

18

0

Twenty first

Mesa

134,189

55

25

55

32

19

1

Twenty second

Dolores and Montezuma

27,128

total

68

51

26

36

14

5

Statewide average (– Denver)

Mean of 21 judicial districts

Std. deviation—21 judicial districts

Av 40

M 51

SD 16

Av 25

M 35

SD 16

Av 22

M 28

SD 13

Av 22

M 29

SD 11

Av 12

M 18

SD 12

Av 2

M 5

SD 8

County population estimates: U.S. Census Bureau

Misdemeanors: Colorado State Court Table 30

Notes:

1. Domestic violence includes both domestic violence and protection order violation cases.

2. Offenses against persons includes the crimes of assault, child abuse, forgery, harassment, menacing, and sex offenses.

3. Offenses against property includes the crimes of arson, criminal mischief, and theft.

4. Municipalities within this judicial district may also prosecute misdemeanor domestic violence and other crimes. The state court values given here do not reflect such cases.

5. Values that differ from the state average for a given offense by one standard deviation or more are shown in bold.

These relationships are examined over a period of eight years in Table 68.

Perjury prosecutions

Top

As has been true in previous years Colorado courts again failed to prosecute perjury. Table 30 from the state court administrator only shows 2 cases of perjury in 2006. In our experience the only time perjury is prosecuted at all is if the person admits it.

Subornation of perjury is not a criminal offense in Colorado and in People v. Turner 04 SA 178 the state supreme court ruled that a defendant in a criminal domestic violence case had no right to obtain documentation of what was probably subornation of perjury against him.

The rule of law cannot long endure if perjury is tolerated and subornation of perjury is condoned and even encouraged.

Protection order violations

Top

Beginning in 2005 the state court reported protection order violations separately. Table 30 shows 2,644 total cases of restraining order violations compared with 14,123 domestic violence cases and 7,237 domestic abuse protection orders (Table 53). Since it is quite unlikely that all protection order violations are prosecuted, more than 20% of all protection orders were violated in 2006.

Elsewhere we have pointed out that increasing prosecution of protection order violations has been shown to increase the risk of homicide.

One might question the value and protection provided by court orders that increase one's danger and are so routinely violated.

Top


 

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| Chapter 8 — Demographics Of Domestic Violence In Colorado |

| Next — Demographics of domestic violence in Colorado - 2007 |

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This site is supported and maintained by the Equal Justice Foundation.

Last modified 12/20/16